Chief Tamale Bwoya, Grand Chief (Mugema) of the Buganda Kingdom (E.A). Chief Tamale Bwoya — a traditional Chief of Uganda, spiritual ecologist, researcher and writer — supervises cultural activities, serves as spiritual arbitrator, and facilitates rehabilitation and purification ceremonies. He co-founded several cultural and traditional medicine institutions at local and national levels and participated in formulating a legislative system that governs traditional medicine in Uganda. Host Tiokasin Ghosthorse has had many discussions with Chief Tamale over the years, and since many alternative, community and mainstream radio and news outlets have been covering only the Western aspects of the current crossroads of the latest virus called the Coronavirus or Covid-19, Chief Tamale provides our listeners with another non-Western perspective. Listeners will hear Chief Tamale speak from an upper province of Taiwan at the Global Peace Initiative of Women, and the Dharma Drum Mountain Association, which brought together international youth organizations to a national forest in Thailand in November 2019. In late February 2020, Chief Tamale released a statement about a revelation regarding the ecological situation humankind is now experiencing. In the second half-hour, Tiokasin speaks with Mindahi Crescencio Bastida Muñoz and Geraldine Ann Patrick Encina. Mindahi Crescencio Bastida Muñoz is Director of the Original Caretakers program at the Center for Earth Ethics. He serves as the General Coordinator of the Otomi-Toltec Regional Council in Mexico. He is a caretaker of the philosophy and traditions of the Otomi-Toltec Peoples, and has been a Ceremonial Officer since 1988. Born in San Pedro Tultepec, Mexico State, he holds a Ph.D. in Rural Development by the Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana and a Masters in Political Science from Carleton University. Mindahi has served as a delegate to several commissions and summits on Indigenous rights and the environment. He has written on the relationship between the State and Indigenous peoples, intercultural education, sacred sites, collective intellectual property rights and associated traditional knowledge, among other topics. Geraldine Ann Patrick Encina was born to Chilean parents of Celtic and Mapuche origins. She is a member of the Otomi-Hñahñu Regional Council in Mexico and is currently a scholar in residence at the Center for Earth Ethics. Her research focuses on ethnoecology and cultural astronomy as a way to relate to ancestral and current ways of conceiving time-space as a means to tune in with natural cycles in sacred places. She co-founded Earth Timekeepers to continue advancing and sharing the understanding of sacred natural cycles of life in Mesoamerica, especially among the Maya, Otomi-Toltecs and Nahua. More information at and

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