SCOTT RICHARD LYONS (Ojibwe/Dakota) is associate professor of English at Syracuse University, where he teaches Indigenous and American literatures. Author of the new book X-Marks: Native Signatures of Assent During the 18th and 19th centuries, North American Indian leaders leaders community signed treaties with the Europeans powers and the American and Canadian governments with an "X", signifying their and assent to the the terms. These "X-marks" indicated coercion (because the treaties were made under unfair conditiions), reistance (because they were often met with protest), and acquiescence (to both a European modernity and the end of a particular moment of Indian history and identity). KAREN SUSSMAN Contact: 605-964-6866 International Society for the Protection of Mustangs and Burros The keeping of 300 wild mustangs set for slaughter in various means by the Bureau of Land Management and other public lands users in contention with the ideals of ISPMB to rescue the horses. ISPMB in Lantry, South Dakota is situated on the Cheyenne River Lakota Reservation undergoing a recent touchdown of more than 5 tornadoes (the morning of this interview).